What is the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)?
ECTS is a grading system that was first introduced in 1989, and is now the primary grading and comparison system used for Higher Education study programs and courses. It has been designed to aid student mobility throughout Europe by allowing for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions.
As there are various grading systems that co-exist throughout Europe with interpretation differing immensely, the ECTS grading system has been established to provide a common exchange that enables for the transfer and movement of students and their grades between European universities and educational institutions.
Grades are conveyed through a uniformed A-F scale combined with brief qualitative definitions and keywords. It is up to the individual educational institution to decide on the application of the ECTS grading system within their marking procedures.
ECTS is not intended to replace local grades, but to work in conjunction with or as an addition to, in order to interpret and record grades between institutions. This is achieved by the ECTS grade being shown together with the mark awarded by the host institution on the students’ transcript, the receiving institution then converts the grade into their own grading system.
All Higher Education Institutions are encouraged and recommended to provide ECTS grades for ALL students and to consider ECTS grades awarded by other institutions.
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